- Please send a cover letter with the corresponding author’s name, institution, title, address, telephone/fax number, and email address; the manuscript title; and other important information.

- Manuscripts should be sent through electronic medium to Only MS-Word format is acceptable. The journal accepts a manuscript on the understanding that its content is original and that it had not been accepted for publication or review elsewhere. Once accepted for publication, copyright resides with the journal. Rejected manuscripts will not be returned.

- Contributors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce any material in which they do not own copyright, to be used in both print and electronic media, and for ensuring that the appropriate acknowledgements are included in their manuscript.

- The full text of ISR Research Ethics Rules is provided on the journal website


All pages should be double-spaced, Times New Roman font size 12 (including references) with 1-inch margins on all sides and must be between 20 and 35 pages in length including references, tables, and appendices. Your manuscript should be separated by: (1) title and abstract, (2) text with endnotes, (3) references, (4) tables, (5) figures or illustrations, and (6) appendices.

1.The title and the abstract should be on one page. The abstract should be between 100 and 120 words in length. This page should not contain any indication of the author(s)’ identification. Below the abstract, include a list of five or more keywords that represent your article.

2. The text of the article. (A) Hierarchy of headings and subheadings are typed in bold. Headings are typed in full upper case letters. Subheadings are italicized and typed in lower case letters with the first letter in upper case. Headings should be numbered by I, II, III, …; and subheadings by 1, 2, 3, …; and (1), (2), (3), …; then (i), (ii), (iii), …. (B) Tables and figures should be provided in a separate section, with their location indicated in the text. (C) Equations in the text should be typed with a number at the end of each equation. (D) For references in the text, please follow the examples below: - If author’s name is in the text, follow with the year and page number (if directly cited) in parentheses: Smith (1989) or Smith (1989, 164). If the author’s name is not in the text, enclose the last name and year in parentheses: (Goulder 1963). - Give both last names for joint authors: (Smith and Goulder 1988). - Separate a series of references with a semicolon: (Gibson and Bingham 1985; Gross and Kinder 1996; Marcus et al. 1995). - If a source is cited more than once in a paragraph, give the year and page number for the first citation, but only the page numbers for subsequent citations: ...Julia Annas (1976, 181), then ...(185). - For institutional authorship, supply minimum identification from the complete citation: (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1963, 117). - For unpublished materials, use “forthcoming” to indicate materials scheduled for publication. For dissertations and unpub lished papers, cite the date. If no date, place “n.d.” in place of the date: ...Smith (forthcoming) and Jones (n.d.).

3. Endnotes should be kept to a minimum and indicated by superscript Arabic numbers in the text. They should be double-spaced and not include displayed formulae or tables.

4. All References in the manuscript should follow the format of the examples below. Where there are two or more works by one author in the same year, distinguish them as 1988a, 1988b, etc. For multiple authorship, only the last name of the first author is inverted (Granato, Jim, Ronald Inglehart, and David Leblang...). - Books: Diamond, Larry. 1998b. Class, Ethnicity and Democracy in Nigeria. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press. - Periodicals: Ghai, Y. P. 1967. Independence and Safeguards in Kenya. East African Law Journal 3(2): 177-217. - Collections: Kinder, Donald R., and Thomas R. Palfrey. 1993. On Behalf of an Experimental Political Science. In Experimental Foundations of Political Science, eds. Donald R. Kinder and Thomas R. Palfrey. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. - Dissertations: King, Andrew J. 1976. Law and Land Use in Chicago: A Prehistory of Modern Zoning. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin.

5. Tables should be numbered consecutively in the text, with a note inserted to indicate placement. Each table should be on a separate page with a descriptive title and headings for columns and rows. Gather general notes to tables as “Note:” or “Notes:” and use a, b, c, etc., for table footnotes. Asterisks *, **, and/or *** indicate significance at the p<.05, p<.01, and p<.001 levels, respectively.

6. Figures or illustrations for accepted manuscripts should be numbered consecutively and in professional-quality, camera-ready form in black ink on white paper. Each should have a caption and lettering should be legible after reduction to size.

7.Appendices should be lettered to distinguish them from numbered tables and figures in the text. Each appendix should include a descriptive title.

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