Ewha Womans University Museum opened on April 6, 1935, as part of the university’s efforts to preserve Korea’s rich cultural heritage. In the 1950s, the museum received a donation of several hundred items from the private collection of Dr. Helen Kim, then president of Ewha, and also launched various preservation and research projects. In the 1960s the museum developed into a full-scale cultural institution by opening a new museum building with exhibition space for a permanent collection. In 1990, the museum acquired another museum building (4,400㎡) in commemoration of Ewha’s centennial, and strengthened its collection and exhibition management system as well as its educational function. The museum's achievements during this decade comprised a series of outstanding special exhibitions; a systematic classification of relics; a computerized collection management system of the collections; and the launch of the museum’s official website. In 1999, the musuem opened the Chang Budeok Memorial Gallery, which marked a significant expansion in the museum’s function and capacity as a cultural institution. In 2005, an extension of the museum building was constructed, which expanded the floor space to 5,700㎡, and in 2006, the Modern Art Gallery was opened, allowing the museum exhibition space to cover all periods of human culture, from prehistoric to modern times.

Ewha Womans University Museum currently holds an extensive collection of Korean cultural heritage dating to prehistoric times, covering diverse fields including archaeology, history, folk art, and modern and contemporary art. The collection encompasses prehistoric bronze ware, iron ware, and earthenware; artifacts from ancient tomb excavations, roof tiles, bricks, and earthenware from the Three Kingdoms period; “Inscription on the Wall of Pyeongyang Fortress” (Treasure No. 642), the only Goguryeo artifact remaining in South Korea; Buddhist art pieces and earthenware from the Unified Silla period including statues of Buddha and stone lantern pedestals; metalwork and ceramics from the Goryeo period such as celadon, white porcelain, and green-brown glazed stoneware; grayish-blue powdered celadon, white porcelain, woodwork, paintings and calligraphic works, and folklore material from the Joseon period; and numerous modern and contemporary artworks. The museum’s most important relics are the “White Porcelain Jar with Grapevine Design in Underglaze Iron,” designated as National Treasure No. 107; eleven Treasures including the “Celadon Jar with the Inscription of the 4th Year of Sunwha” (Treasure No. 237) and “Album Commemorating the Gathering of the Members of the Hall of Elder Statesmen” (Treasure No. 638); and three items designated as Important Folk Materials.


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