비주얼이미지비주얼텍스트

Cultural Overview

외국인등록증발급 안내

시간제 취업 안내

 

한국 문화

입국 전 준비사항

입국 시 준비사항

About Korea

The Korean Peninsula is located in North-East Asia. It is bordered by the Amnok River (Yalu River) to the northwest, separating Korea from China, and the Duman River (Tumen River) to the northeast which separates Korea from both China and Russia. The country itself is flanked by the Yellow Sea to its west and the East Sea to the east. There are several notable islands that surround the peninsula including Jejudo, Ulleungdo and Dokdo.
The Korean peninsula is roughly 1,030 km (612 miles) long and 175 km (105 miles) wide at its narrowest point. Korea's total land area is 100,033 sq km, and it has a population of 49.8 million people (2011).
Because of its unique geographical location, Korea is a very valuable piece of land and an international hub of Asia.

Mountains cover 70% of Korea's land mass, making it one of the most mountainous regions in the world. The lifting and folding of Korea’s granite and limestone base create a breathtaking landscape of scenic hills and valleys. The mountain range that stretches along the length of the east coast falls steeply into the East Sea, while along the southern and western coasts, the mountains descend gradually to the coastal plains that produce the bulk of Korea’s agricultural crops, especially rice.

Often referred to as the “Land of the Morning Calm,” Korea has a population of 49.78 million (2011) and a total land area of 100,033 ㎢ (2010). Located at a major crossroads of Northeast Asia, it has also achieved the “Miracle of the Han River.” As early as the 1960s, when the country's five-year economic development plan was first implemented, the Korean economy has relentlessly shown signs of exponential growth. From 1970 to 2005, the country's GNI surged from US$8.2 billion to a staggering US$843.9 billion. The 1997 East Asian foreign currency crisis was only a temporary set-back for the Korean economy. The GNI stagnated at US$ 352.1 billion in 1998 but soon began to advance again, soaring to US$ 1,014.6 billion by 2010.

Years of rapid economic development propelled the country into becoming the world's 12th largest trading partner. Korea's industrial base shifted from agriculture to manufacturing and is now shifting to services. A global force in a number of significant industries, including automobiles, petrochemicals, electronics, shipbuilding, textiles, and steel, Korea’s GDP rose 5.0% in 2007 and 2.5% in 2008. Korea has a GDP of US$ 1,014.3 billion (as of 2010), ranking the nation 15th in the world.

Since 2004, Korean-made semi-conductors, automobiles, and wireless telecom devices have accounted for over 30% of the country's total trade volume. Exports of IT products have risen every year since 1998 and reached US$ 126.4 trillion worth of exports in 2010. Major IT exports include memory chips, mobile phones, LCD monitors, PCs, and satellite broadcasting receivers. Korea’s semi-conductor industry, in particular, has achieved tremendous growth over the past two decades and is the third largest in the world.

 

About Seoul

Located just below the 38th parallel sits Seoul, the capital of the Republic of Korea (ROK). With a population of approximately 11 million people, Seoul continues to expand outward. As the nation’s cultural, educational, and political center, all eyes seem to be fixed on it’s latest happenings and developments. As one author wrote, “No matter where you are in the country, you always go up to Seoul.” A particularly distinguishing factor about Seoul is the fine blend between past and present. Amongst tall modern buildings sit ancient palaces, temples, and shrines. Walking down the same street one can find a businessman talking on his cell phone next to an older woman wearing more traditional clothing and selling vegetables. Over 600 years old, today’s Seoul is congested and more crowded than ever. Traffic jams and lines are a common sight. However, an advanced subway system and other modes of public transportation continue to help. From the crowded markets, to the peaceful Han River that runs through the center, Seoul is amongst the best and has some of the most striking settings of any large city in Asia.

 

About Climate

Korea lies in the temperate zone and has four distinct seasons. Spring is mostly sunny and clear. It is very beautiful with cherry blossom and azalea and magnolia trees blooming here and there. Pictures must be taken! Summer is relatively hot (over 35C/95F) with monsoon rains that begin at the end of June and last until mid-late July, making the air extremely humid. Floods periodically occur in the end of summer causing considerable economic losses. However, in the urban area floods are of no serious danger. The coming of Autumn brings winds and clear, dry weather, making the fall months the most pleasant time of year. Nature is fantastically beautiful with maple trees wearing vivid golds and vibrant reds of the changing leaves. Winter is cold (down to -5~-10℃) and windy with occasional snow and rain. An interesting feature is that usually there are three to four days of cold weather followed by four warmer days. The air is very dry and proper additional skin-care should be taken.

 

About Food

Korean cuisine is known for its variety, unique tastes, and nutritious value. Mostly made of vegetables, Korean food provides low calories and high nutrition. Amongst those who try Korean food for the first time, spicy might be the most commonly heard word. Korean food is truly an acquired taste. However, once an appreciation for Korean cuisine is acquired there is no turning back, you’re addicted for life! Amongst foreigners, foods such as bulgolgi (barbecued beef), calbi (barbecued beef ribs) and bibimbap (vegetables mixed with rice) are the most popular. Other foods such as dakgalbi (chicken cooked with cabbage mixed with a red pepper paste) and sam-ke-tang (chicken soup with ginseng and rice) are also popular. For those who miss food from back home, bigger cities such as Seoul have a variety of international restaurants and fast foods. These include: Thai, Indian, Japanese, French, Mongolian, Greek, Russian, Middle Eastern, Outback Steakhouse, McDonalds, Burger King, KFC, and many others. However, the prices at most international restaurants are usually significantly more expensive than your average Korean meal.

More information about Seoul can be found at :
http://www.visitseoul.net/index